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 @TPUT@(1)                                                         @TPUT@(1)

      @TPUT@, reset - initialize a terminal or query terminfo database

      @TPUT@ [-Ttype] capname [parms ... ]
      @TPUT@ [-Ttype] init
      @TPUT@ [-Ttype] reset
      @TPUT@ [-Ttype] longname
      @TPUT@ -S  <<
      @TPUT@ -V

      The @TPUT@ utility uses the terminfo database to make the values of
      terminal-dependent capabilities and information available to the shell
      (see sh(1)), to initialize or reset the terminal, or return the long
      name of the requested terminal type.  The result depends upon the
      capability's type:

                @TPUT@ writes the string to the standard output.  No
                trailing newline is supplied.

                @TPUT@ writes the decimal value to the standard output, with
                a trailing newline.

                @TPUT@ simply sets the exit code (0 for TRUE if the terminal
                has the capability, 1 for FALSE if it does not), and writes
                nothing to the standard output.

      Before using a value returned on the standard output, the application
      should test the exit code (e.g., $?, see sh(1)) to be sure it is 0.
      (See the EXIT CODES and DIAGNOSTICS sections.) For a complete list of
      capabilities and the capname associated with each, see terminfo(5).

           indicates the type of terminal.  Normally this option is
           unnecessary, because the default is taken from the environment
           variable TERM.  If -T is specified, then the shell variables
           LINES and COLUMNS will be ignored,and the operating system will
           not be queried for the actual screen size.

           indicates the capability from the terminfo database.  When
           termcap support is compiled in, the termcap name for the
           capability is also accepted.

           If the capability is a string that takes parameters, the
           arguments parms will be instantiated into the string.

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 @TPUT@(1)                                                         @TPUT@(1)

           Most parameters are numbers.  Only a few terminfo capabilities
           require string parameters; @TPUT@ uses a table to decide which to
           pass as strings.  Normally @TPUT@ uses tparm (3X) to perform the
           substitution.  If no parameters are given for the capability,
           @TPUT@ writes the string without performing the substitution.

      -S   allows more than one capability per invocation of @TPUT@.  The
           capabilities must be passed to @TPUT@ from the standard input
           instead of from the command line (see example).  Only one capname
           is allowed per line.  The -S option changes the meaning of the 0
           and 1 boolean and string exit codes (see the EXIT CODES section).

           Again, @TPUT@ uses a table and the presence of parameters in its
           input to decide whether to use tparm (3X), and how to interpret
           the parameters.

      -V   reports the version of ncurses which was used in this program,
           and exits.

      init If the terminfo database is present and an entry for the user's
           terminal exists (see -Ttype, above), the following will occur:

           (1)  if present, the terminal's initialization strings will be
                output as detailed in the terminfo(5) section on Tabs and

           (2)  any delays (e.g., newline) specified in the entry will be
                set in the tty driver,

           (3)  tabs expansion will be turned on or off according to the
                specification in the entry, and

           (4)  if tabs are not expanded, standard tabs will be set (every 8

           If an entry does not contain the information needed for any of
           the four above activities, that activity will silently be

           Instead of putting out initialization strings, the terminal's
           reset strings will be output if present (rs1, rs2, rs3, rf).  If
           the reset strings are not present, but initialization strings
           are, the initialization strings will be output.  Otherwise, reset
           acts identically to init.

           If the terminfo database is present and an entry for the user's
           terminal exists (see -Ttype above), then the long name of the
           terminal will be put out.  The long name is the last name in the
           first line of the terminal's description in the terminfo database

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 @TPUT@(1)                                                         @TPUT@(1)

           [see term(5)].

      If @TPUT@ is invoked by a link named reset, this has the same effect
      as @TPUT@ reset.  See tset for comparison, which has similar behavior.

      @TPUT@ init
           Initialize the terminal according to the type of terminal in the
           environmental variable TERM.  This command should be included in
           everyone's .profile after the environmental variable TERM has
           been exported, as illustrated on the profile(5) manual page.

      @TPUT@ -T5620 reset
           Reset an AT&T 5620 terminal, overriding the type of terminal in
           the environmental variable TERM.

      @TPUT@ cup 0 0
           Send the sequence to move the cursor to row 0, column 0 (the
           upper left corner of the screen, usually known as the "home"
           cursor position).

      @TPUT@ clear
           Echo the clear-screen sequence for the current terminal.

      @TPUT@ cols
           Print the number of columns for the current terminal.

      @TPUT@ -T450 cols
           Print the number of columns for the 450 terminal.

      bold=`@TPUT@ smso` offbold=`@TPUT@ rmso`
           Set the shell variables bold, to begin stand-out mode sequence,
           and offbold, to end standout mode sequence, for the current
           terminal.  This might be followed by a prompt: echo
           "${bold}Please type in your name: ${offbold}\c"

      @TPUT@ hc
           Set exit code to indicate if the current terminal is a hard copy

      @TPUT@ cup 23 4
           Send the sequence to move the cursor to row 23, column 4.

      @TPUT@ cup
           Send the terminfo string for cursor-movement, with no parameters

      @TPUT@ longname
           Print the long name from the terminfo database for the type of
           terminal specified in the environmental variable TERM.

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 @TPUT@(1)                                                         @TPUT@(1)

           @TPUT@ -S <<!
           > clear
           > cup 10 10
           > bold
           > !

           This example shows @TPUT@ processing several capabilities in one
           invocation.  It clears the screen, moves the cursor to position
           10, 10 and turns on bold (extra bright) mode.  The list is
           terminated by an exclamation mark (!) on a line by itself.

           compiled terminal description database

           tab settings for some terminals, in a format appropriate to be
           output to the terminal (escape sequences that set margins and
           tabs); for more information, see the "Tabs and Initialization"
           section of terminfo(5)

      If the -S option is used, @TPUT@ checks for errors from each line, and
      if any errors are found, will set the exit code to 4 plus the number
      of lines with errors.  If no errors are found, the exit code is 0.  No
      indication of which line failed can be given so exit code 1 will never
      appear.  Exit codes 2, 3, and 4 retain their usual interpretation.  If
      the -S option is not used, the exit code depends on the type of

                a value of 0 is set for TRUE and 1 for FALSE.

                a value of 0 is set if the capname is defined for this
                terminal type (the value of capname is returned on standard
                output); a value of 1 is set if capname is not defined for
                this terminal type (nothing is written to standard output).

                a value of 0 is always set, whether or not capname is
                defined for this terminal type.  To determine if capname is
                defined for this terminal type, the user must test the value
                written to standard output.  A value of -1 means that
                capname is not defined for this terminal type.

                reset or init may fail to find their respective files.  In
                that case, the exit code is set to 4 + errno.

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 @TPUT@(1)                                                         @TPUT@(1)

      Any other exit code indicates an error; see the DIAGNOSTICS section.

      tput prints the following error messages and sets the corresponding
      exit codes.

      l l.  exit code error message = 0    T{ (capname is a numeric variable
      that is not specified in the terminfo(5) database for this terminal
      type, e.g.  @TPUT@ -T450 lines and @TPUT@ -T2621 xmc) T} 1    no error
      message is printed, see the EXIT CODES section.  2    usage error
      3    unknown terminal type or no terminfo database 4    unknown
      terminfo capability capname >4   error occurred in -S =

      The longname and -S options, and the parameter-substitution features
      used in the cup example, are not supported in BSD curses or in
      AT&T/USL curses before SVr4.

      X/Open documents only the operands for clear, init and reset.  In this
      implementation, clear is part of the capname support.  Other
      implementations of tput on SVr4-based systems such as Solaris, IRIX64
      and HPUX as well as others such as AIX and Tru64 provide support for
      capname operands.  A few platforms such as FreeBSD and NetBSD
      recognize termcap names rather than terminfo capability names in their
      respective tput commands.

      @CLEAR@(1), stty(1), tabs(1), terminfo(5).

      This describes ncurses version @NCURSES_MAJOR@.@NCURSES_MINOR@ (patch

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