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 FOOMATIC-RIP(1)                cups-filters                 FOOMATIC-RIP(1)

      foomatic-rip - Universal print filter/RIP wrapper

    General Options:
      foomatic-rip [-v] [-q] <mode-specific options>

    Spooler-less printing filter:
      foomatic-rip [-P <printer>  |  --ppd  <ppdfile> ]  [-J <jobtitle> ] [-o
       <option>=<value>  [...]]  [<files>]

    CUPS filter:
      foomatic-rip <jobid> <user> <jobtitle> <numcopies> <options> [<file>]

      foomatic-rip is a universal print filter which can be used as CUPS
      filter or stand-alone for spooler-less, direct printing. It has the
      following features:

        It translates PostScript and PDF from standard input or a file to
        the printer's native language on standard output.

        The translation is done with an external renderer, usually
        Ghostscript (gs(1)). If no translation is needed (PostScript
        printer) the renderer's command line reduces to cat(1). The way how
        this translation is done is described in a PPD file.

        Printer capabilities, how to handle user options, and how to build
        the renderer command line is always described by PPD files, these
        PPD files usually come from Foomatic or can be the ones supplied by
        the manufacturers of PostScript printers. The PPD files are the same
        for both CUPS and direct printing.

        foomatic-rip works with CUPS and for direct printing (without
        spooler), where the latter is mainly for testing and debugging.  The
        mode is selected by the command line options and environment
        variables which are supplied to foomatic-rip.

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        foomatic-rip does not only apply option settings supplied by the
        user through the command line of the printing command, but also
        searches the entire job for embedded option settings (only
        PostScript jobs). Here not only settings which affect the whole job
        are taken into account, but also settings in the page headers, which
        are only valid for the page where they were found, so applications
        which produce PostScript code with page-specific printer option
        settings are fully supported.

      -v        verbose mode for debugging.  WARNING: This will create a
                file in /tmp that contains the debugging information.  This
                opens a security loophole and should not be used in

      -q        quiet mode - minimal information output

      -P <printer>
                <printer> is the configured printer which should be used for
                this job.

      --ppd <ppdfile>
                The PPD file <ppdfile> should be applied for processing this

      -o <option>=<value>
                Option settings for this job.

      <files>   The file(s) to be printed.

      foomatic-rip will print from standard input unless at least one file
      to be printed is specified on the command line.  If your printer PPD
      file is stored as /usr/local/etc/direct/<printer>.ppd or
      ~/.foomatic/direct/<printer>.ppd you can use it by simply specifying
      "-P <printer>".

      Put a line

      *FoomaticRIPPostPipe: "| <command>"

      into the PPD file, right after *PPD-Adobe: "4.3", where <command> is a
      command into which you want to re-direct the output data. Due to the
      restrictions of PPD files <, >, and " are not allowed in the
      <command>, replace them as follows:

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 FOOMATIC-RIP(1)                cups-filters                 FOOMATIC-RIP(1)

      Character Replacement
           <    &lt;
           >    &gt;
           "    &quot;
           '    &apos;
           &    &amp;

      This way you can print directly to your printer, use

      *FoomaticRIPPostPipe: "| cat &gt; /dev/lp0"


      *FoomaticRIPPostPipe: "| cat &gt; /dev/usb/lp0"

      for local parallel or USB printers. To make normal users able to print
      this way add them to the group lp and make sure that the appropriate
      printer device file /dev/... is group-writable for the lp group.

      for a TCP/Socket/JetDirect printer with the host name printer
      listening on port 9100 you need this:

      *FoomaticRIPPostPipe: "| /usr/bin/nc -w 1 printer 9100"

      Note the "-w 1" in the "nc" command line, it makes "nc" exiting
      immediately after the data is transferred to the printer.

      *FoomaticRIPPostPipe: "| rlpr -Plp@printserver"

      directs your jobs to the LPD printer queue lp on the machine named

      See also

      See the documentation on the OpenPrinting Web site:

      The file /usr/local/etc/cups/foomatic-rip.conf or if it is not
      readable the file /usr/local/etc/foomatic/filter.conf is read whenever
      foomatic-rip is executed. It allows to configure the behavior of
      foomatic-rip as follows (lines beginning with # are comments and
      therefore get ignored):

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 FOOMATIC-RIP(1)                cups-filters                 FOOMATIC-RIP(1)

      debug: 0|1
                Turns on (1) or off (0) the debug mode. This is equivalent
                to supplying the --debug command line option. Default
                setting is 0.

      echo: [<path>/]<executable>
                Sets the path to an echo(1) executable which supports -n.

      gspath: [<path>/]<executable>
                Sets the path to the Ghostscript (gs(1)) executable. To be
                used if Ghostscript is at a non-standard location or if an
                alternative Ghostscript should be used.

      execpath: <path>[:<path>]...
                Sets the $PATH variable to be used by foomatic-rip.

      cupsfilterpath: <path>[:<path>]...
                Sets the directories (colon-separated) in which foomatic-rip
                searches for CUPS filters.

      preferred_shell: [<path>/]<executable>
                Sets the preferred shell to use when executing
                FoomaticRIPCommandLine and friends. Several PPD files use
                shell constructs that require a more modern shell like bash,
                zsh, or ksh.


      The PPD files of the currently defined printers


      Configuration file for foomatic-rip

      foomatic-rip returns 0 unless something unexpected happens.

      Till Kamppeter <> with parts of Manfred

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 FOOMATIC-RIP(1)                cups-filters                 FOOMATIC-RIP(1)

      Wassmanns's <> man pages for the Foomatic
      2.0.x filters.

      None so far.

      Please send bug reports to the OpenPrinting bug tracker:

      Use "OpenPrinting" as the product and "cups-filters" as the component.

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