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 HTTPD(8)                    Apache HTTP Server                     HTTPD(8)
 httpd                                                                 httpd


      httpd - Apache Hypertext Transfer Protocol Server

      httpd [ -d serverroot ] [ -f config ] [ -C directive ] [ -c directive ]
      [ -D parameter ] [ -e level ] [ -E file ] [ -k
      start|restart|graceful|stop|graceful-stop ] [ -h ] [ -l ] [ -L ] [ -S ]
      [ -t ] [ -v ] [ -V ] [ -X ] [ -M ] [ -T ]

      On Windows systems, the following additional arguments are available:

      httpd [ -k install|config|uninstall ] [ -n name ] [ -w ]

      httpd is the Apache HyperText Transfer Protocol (HTTP) server program.
      It is designed to be run as a standalone daemon process. When used
      like this it will create a pool of child processes or threads to
      handle requests.

      In general, httpd should not be invoked directly, but rather should be
      invoked via apachectl on Unix-based systems or as a service on Windows
      NT, 2000 and XP and as a console application on Windows 9x and ME.

      -d serverroot
           Set the initial value for the ServerRoot directive to serverroot.
           This can be overridden by the ServerRoot directive in the
           configuration file. The default is /usr/local/apache2.

      -f config
           Uses the directives in the file config on startup. If config does
           not begin with a /, then it is taken to be a path relative to the
           ServerRoot. The default is conf/httpd.conf.

      -k start|restart|graceful|stop|graceful-stop
           Signals httpd to start, restart, or stop. See Stopping Apache
           httpd for more information.

      -C directive
           Process the configuration directive before reading config files.

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 HTTPD(8)                    Apache HTTP Server                     HTTPD(8)
 httpd                                                                 httpd


      -c directive
           Process the configuration directive after reading config files.

      -D parameter
           Sets a configuration parameter which can be used with <IfDefine>
           sections in the configuration files to conditionally skip or
           process commands at server startup and restart. Also can be used
           to set certain less-common startup parameters including
           -DNO_DETACH (prevent the parent from forking) and -DFOREGROUND
           (prevent the parent from calling setsid() et al).

      -e level
           Sets the LogLevel to level during server startup. This is useful
           for temporarily increasing the verbosity of the error messages to
           find problems during startup.

      -E file
           Send error messages during server startup to file.

      -h   Output a short summary of available command line options.

      -l   Output a list of modules compiled into the server. This will not
           list dynamically loaded modules included using the LoadModule

      -L   Output a list of directives provided by static modules, together
           with expected arguments and places where the directive is valid.
           Directives provided by shared modules are not listed.

      -M   Dump a list of loaded Static and Shared Modules.

      -S   Show the settings as parsed from the config file (currently only
           shows the virtualhost settings).

      -T (Available in 2.3.8 and later)
           Skip document root check at startup/restart.

      -t   Run syntax tests for configuration files only. The program
           immediately exits after these syntax parsing tests with either a
           return code of 0 (Syntax OK) or return code not equal to 0
           (Syntax Error). If -D DUMP_VHOSTS is also set, details of the
           virtual host configuration will be printed. If -D DUMP_MODULES
           is set, all loaded modules will be printed.

      -v   Print the version of httpd, and then exit.

      -V   Print the version and build parameters of httpd, and then exit.

      -X   Run httpd in debug mode. Only one worker will be started and the

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 HTTPD(8)                    Apache HTTP Server                     HTTPD(8)
 httpd                                                                 httpd


           server will not detach from the console.

      The following arguments are available only on the Windows platform:

      -k install|config|uninstall
           Install Apache httpd as a Windows NT service; change startup
           options for the Apache httpd service; and uninstall the Apache
           httpd service.

      -n name
           The name of the Apache httpd service to signal.

      -w   Keep the console window open on error so that the error message
           can be read.

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