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 ARCHIE(1)                    Archie (Prospero)                    ARCHIE(1)
                               26 October 1992

      archie - query the Archie anonymous FTP databases using Prospero

      archie [ -cers ] [ -a ] [ -l ] [ -t ] [ -m hits ]
             [ -N [ level ] ] [ -h hostname ] [ -o filename ]
             [ -L ] [ -V ] [ -v ] string

      archie queries an archie anonymous FTP database looking for the
      specified string using the Prospero protocol.  This client is based on
      Prospero version Beta.4.2 and is provided to encourage non-interactive
      use of the Archie servers (and subsequently better performance on both
      sides).  This man page describes version 1.3 of the client.

      The general method of use is of the form

           % archie string

      This will go to the archie server and ask it to look for all known
      systems that have a file named `string' in their FTP area.  archie
      will wait, and print out any matches.

      For example,

           % archie emacs

      will find all anonymous FTP sites in the archie database that have
      files named emacs somewhere in their FTP area.  (This particular query
      would probably return a lot of directories.)  If you want a list of
      every filename that contains emacs anywhere in it, you'd use

           % archie -c emacs

      Regular expressions, such as

           % archie -r '[xX][lL]isp'

      may also be used for searches.  (See the manual of a reasonably good
      editor, like GNU Emacs or vi, for more information on using regular

      The options currently available to this archie client are:

      -c          Search substrings paying attention to upper & lower case.
      -e          Exact string match.  (This is the default.)
      -r          Search using a regular expression.
      -s          Search substrings ignoring the case of the letters.

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 ARCHIE(1)                    Archie (Prospero)                    ARCHIE(1)
                               26 October 1992

      -ofilename  If specified, place the results of the search in filename.
      -a          Output results as Alex filenames.
      -l          Output results in a form suitable for parsing by programs.
      -t          Sort the results inverted by date.
      -mhits      Specifies the maximum number of hits (matches) to return
                  (default of 95).
      -Nlevel     Sets the niceness of a query; by default, it's set to 0.
                  Without an argument, ``-N'' defaults to 35765.  If you use
                  -N with an argument between 0 and 35765, it'll adjust
                  itself accordingly.  (Note: VMS users will have to put
                  quotes around this argument, and -L, like "-N45"; VMS will
                  otherwise convert it to lowercase.)
      -h hostname Tells the client to query the Archie server hostname.
      -L          Lists the Archie servers known to the program when it was
                  compiled, as well as the name of the default Archie
                  server.  For an up-to-date list, write to
                  ``'' (or any Archie server) with
                  the single command of servers.
      -V          With the verbose option, archie will make some comments
                  along the way if a search is going to take some time, to
                  pacify the user.

      The three search-modifying arguments (``-c'', ``-r'', and ``-s'') are
      all mutually exclusive; only the last one counts.  If you specify -e
      with any of ``-c'', ``-r'', or ``-s'', the server will first check for
      an exact match, then fall back to the case-sensitive, case-
      insensitive, or regular expression search.  This is so if there are
      matches that are particularly obvious, it will take a minimal amount
      of time to satisfy your request.

      If you list a single `-' by itself, any further arguments will be
      taken as part of the search string.  This is intended to enable
      searching for strings that begin with a `-'; for example:

           % archie -s - -old

      will search for all filenames that contain the string `-old' in them.

      Archie servers are set up to respond to a number of requests in a
      queued fashion.  That is, smaller requests get served much more
      quickly than do large requests.  As a result, the more often you query
      the Archie server, or the larger your requests, the longer the queue
      will become, resulting in a longer waiting period for everyone's
      requests.  Please be frugal when possible, for your benefit as well as
      for the other users.

      Please use the ``-N'' option whenever you don't demand immediacy, or
      when you're requesting things that could generate large responses.
      Even when using the nice option, you should still try to avoid big

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 ARCHIE(1)                    Archie (Prospero)                    ARCHIE(1)
                               26 October 1992

      jobs during busy periods.  Here is a list of what we consider to be
      nice values that accurately reflect the priority of a job to the

           Normal              0
           Nice                500
           Nicer               1000
           Very Nice           5000
           Extremely Nice      10000
           Nicest              32765

      The last priority, Nicest, would be used when a job should wait until
      the queue is essentially empty before running.  You should pick one of
      these values to use, possibly modifying it slightly depending on where
      you think your priority should land.  For example, 32760 would mean
      wait until the queue is empty, but jump ahead of other jobs that have
      selected Nicest.

      There are certain types of things that we suggest using Nicest for,
      irregardless.  In particular, any searches for which you would have a
      hard time justifying the use of anything but extra resources.  (We all
      know what those searches would be for.)

              This will change the host archie will consult when making
              queries.  (The default value is what's been compiled in.)  The
              ``-h'' option will override this.  If you're running VMS,
              create a symbol called ARCHIE_HOST.

      For more information on regular expressions, see the manual pages on:

      regex(3), ed(1)

      Also read the file archie/doc/whatis.archie on for a
      detailed paper on Archie as a whole.

      Read the file README.ALEX distributed with this client for more
      information on what Alex is and how you can take advantage of it.
      The archie service was conceived and implemented by Alan Emtage
      (, Peter Deutsch (, and Bill
      Heelan (  The entire Internet is in their debt.

      The Prospero system was created by Clifford Neuman (;
      write to for more information on the protocol
      and its use.

      This stripped client was put together by Brendan Kehoe
      (, with modifications by Clifford Neuman and George

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 ARCHIE(1)                    Archie (Prospero)                    ARCHIE(1)
                               26 October 1992

      Ferguson (

      There are none; only a few unexpected features.

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