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 7za(1)                   Mohammed Adnene Trojette                    7za(1)
                              September 1 2006



 NAME
      7za - A file archiver with highest compression ratio

 SYNOPSIS
      7za [adeltux] [-] [SWITCH] <ARCHIVE_NAME> <ARGUMENTS>...

 DESCRIPTION
      7-Zip is a file archiver with the highest compression ratio. The
      program supports 7z (that implements LZMA compression algorithm), ZIP,
      CAB, ARJ, GZIP, BZIP2, TAR, CPIO, RPM and DEB formats. Compression
      ratio in the new 7z format is 30-50% better than ratio in ZIP format.

 but does not need any others.
      7za is a stand-
           alone executable. 7za handles less archive formats than 7z,

 FUNCTION LETTERS
      a    Add

      d    Delete

      e    Extract

      l    List

      t    Test

      u    Update

      x    eXtract with full paths

 SWITCHES
      -ai[r[-|0]]{@listfile|!wildcard}
           Include archives

      -ax[r[-|0]]{@listfile|!wildcard}
           eXclude archives

      -bd  Disable percentage indicator

      -i[r[-|0]]{@listfile|!wildcard}
           Include filenames

      -l   don't store symlinks; store the files/directories they point to
           (CAUTION : the scanning stage can never end because of recursive
           symlinks like 'ln -s .. ldir')

      -m{Parameters}
           Set Compression Method (see
           {DEST_SHARE_DOC}/MANUAL/switches/method.htm for a list of
           methods)



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 7za(1)                   Mohammed Adnene Trojette                    7za(1)
                              September 1 2006



      -mhe=on|off
           7z format only : enables or disables archive header encryption
           (Default : off)

      -o{Directory}
           Set Output directory

      -p{Password}
           Set Password

      -r[-|0]
           Recurse subdirectories (CAUTION: this flag does not do what you
           think, avoid using it)

      -sfx[{name}]
           Create SFX archive

      -si  Read data from StdIn (eg: tar cf - directory | 7za a -si
           directory.tar.7z)

      -so  Write data to StdOut (eg: % echo foo | 7z a dummy -tgzip -si -so
           > /dev/null)

      -slt Sets technical mode for l (list) command

      -t{Type}
           Type of archive (7z, zip, gzip, bzip2 or tar. 7z format is
           default)

      -v{Size}[b|k|m|g]
           Create volumes

      -u[-][p#][q#][r#][x#][y#][z#][!newArchiveName]
           Update options

      -w[path]
           Set Working directory

      -x[r[-|0]]]{@listfile|!wildcard}
           Exclude filenames

      -y   Assume Yes on all queries

 DIAGNOSTICS
      7-Zip returns the following exit codes:

           0    Normal (no errors or warnings detected)

           1    Warning (Non fatal error(s)). For example, some files cannot
                be read during compressing. So they were not compressed




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 7za(1)                   Mohammed Adnene Trojette                    7za(1)
                              September 1 2006



           2    Fatal error

           7    Bad command line parameters

           8    Not enough memory for operation

           255  User stopped the process with control-C (or similar)

 Backup and limitations
      DO NOT USE the 7-zip format for backup purpose on Linux/Unix because :
       - 7-zip does not store the owner/group of the file.

      On Linux/Unix, in order to backup directories you must use tar :
       - to backup a directory  : tar cf - directory | 7za a -si
      directory.tar.7z
       - to restore your backup : 7za x -so directory.tar.7z | tar xf -

      If you want to send files and directories (not the owner of file) to
      others Unix/MacOS/Windows users, you can use the 7-zip format.

        example : 7za a directory.7z  directory

      Do not use "-r" because this flag does not do what you think.  Do not
      use directory/* because of ".*" files (example : "directory/*" does
      not match "directory/.profile")

 EXAMPLE 1
      7za a -t7z -m0=lzma -mx=9 -mfb=64
           adds all files from directory "dir1" to archive archive.7z using
           "ultra settings"

      -t7z 7z archive

      -m0=lzma
           lzma method

      -mx=9
           level of compression = 9 (Ultra)

      -mfb=64
           number of fast bytes for LZMA = 64

      -md=32m
           dictionary size = 32 megabytes

      -ms=on
           solid archive = on

 EXAMPLE 2
      7za a -sfx archive.exe dir1
           add all files from directory "dir1" to SFX archive archive.exe



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 7za(1)                   Mohammed Adnene Trojette                    7za(1)
                              September 1 2006



           (Remark : SFX archive MUST end with ".exe")

 EXAMPLE 3
      7za a -mhe=on -pmy_password archive.7z a_directory
           add all files from directory "a_directory" to the archive
           "archive.7z" (with data and header archive encryption on)

 SEE ALSO
      7z(1), 7zr(1), bzip2(1), gzip(1), zip(1)

 HTML Documentation
      {DEST_SHARE_DOC}/MANUAL/index.htm

 AUTHOR
      Written for Debian by Mohammed Adnene Trojette.







































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