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Lzip is a lossless data compressor with a user interface similar to the
one of gzip or bzip2. Lzip decompresses almost as fast as gzip and
compresses more than bzip2, which makes it well suited for software
distribution and data archiving. Lzip is a clean implementation of the
LZMA algorithm.

The lzip file format is designed for long-term data archiving and
provides very safe integrity checking. The member trailer stores the
32-bit CRC of the original data, the size of the original data and the
size of the member. These values, together with the value remaining in
the range decoder and the end-of-stream marker, provide a 4 factor
integrity checking which guarantees that the decompressed version of the
data is identical to the original. This guards against corruption of the
compressed data, and against undetected bugs in lzip (hopefully very
unlikely). The chances of data corruption going undetected are
microscopic. Be aware, though, that the check occurs upon decompression,
so it can only tell you that something is wrong. It can't help you
recover the original uncompressed data.

If you ever need to recover data from a damaged lzip file, try the
lziprecover program. Lziprecover makes lzip files resistant to bit-flip
(one of the most common forms of data corruption), and provides data
recovery capabilities, including error-checked merging of damaged copies
of a file.

Lzip uses the same well-defined exit status values used by bzip2, which
makes it safer than compressors returning ambiguous warning values (like
gzip) when it is used as a back end for tar or zutils.

Lzip replaces every file given in the command line with a compressed
version of itself, with the name "original_name.lz". Each compressed
file has the same modification date, permissions, and, when possible,
ownership as the corresponding original, so that these properties can be
correctly restored at decompression time. Lzip is able to read from some
types of non regular files if the "--stdout" option is specified.

If no file names are specified, lzip compresses (or decompresses) from
standard input to standard output. In this case, lzip will decline to
write compressed output to a terminal, as this would be entirely
incomprehensible and therefore pointless.

Lzip will correctly decompress a file which is the concatenation of two
or more compressed files. The result is the concatenation of the
corresponding uncompressed files. Integrity testing of concatenated
compressed files is also supported.

Lzip can produce multi-member files and safely recover, with
lziprecover, the undamaged members in case of file damage. Lzip can also
split the compressed output in volumes of a given size, even when
reading from standard input. This allows the direct creation of
multivolume compressed tar archives.

Lzip is able to compress and decompress streams of unlimited size by
automatically creating multi-member output. The members so created are
large, about 64 PiB each.

Lzip will automatically use the smallest possible dictionary size
without exceeding the given limit. Keep in mind that the decompression
memory requirement is affected at compression time by the choice of
dictionary size limit.

Lzip implements a simplified version of the LZMA (Lempel-Ziv-Markov
chain-Algorithm) algorithm. The high compression of LZMA comes from
combining two basic, well-proven compression ideas: sliding dictionaries
(LZ77/78) and markov models (the thing used by every compression
algorithm that uses a range encoder or similar order-0 entropy coder as
its last stage) with segregation of contexts according to what the bits
are used for.

The ideas embodied in lzip are due to (at least) the following people:
Abraham Lempel and Jacob Ziv (for the LZ algorithm), Andrey Markov (for
the definition of Markov chains), G.N.N. Martin (for the definition of
range encoding), Igor Pavlov (for putting all the above together in
LZMA), and Julian Seward (for bzip2's CLI).

Copyright (C) 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013 Antonio Diaz Diaz.

This file is free documentation: you have unlimited permission to copy,
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