packages icon

 LINKS(1)                                                           LINKS(1)
                                  Aug, 2006

      links - lynx-like alternative character mode WWW browser

      links [options] URL

      links is a text mode WWW browser with ncurses interface, supporting
      colors, correct table rendering, background downloading, menu driven
      configuration interface and slim code.

      Frames are supported. You can have different file formats associated
      with external viewers. mailto: and telnet: are supported via external

      links can handle local (file://) or remote (http:// or ftp://) URLs.

      Most options can be set in the user interface or config file, so
      usually you do not need to care about them.

           Print a help screen

           Prints the links version number and exit.

      -lookup <hostname>
           Does name lookup, like command "host".

      -g   Run Links in graphics mode. If not given, Links will run in text
           mode.  Running in graphics mode means that Links will probe all
           compiled-in graphics devices and run on the first found. If none
           found, links will not run in graphics mode. This option works
           only if --enable-graphics was given to ./configure.

           Run in text mode (overrides previous -g).

      -driver <driver name>
           Graphics driver to use. Drivers are: x, svgalib, fb, directfb,
           pmshell, atheos.  List of drivers will be shown if you give it an
           unknown driver.  Available drivers depend on your operating
           system and available libraries.

                                    - 1 -           Formatted:  May 23, 2018

 LINKS(1)                                                           LINKS(1)
                                  Aug, 2006

      -mode <parameter>
           Pass a parameter to the graphics driver. On SVGAlib, this is
           widthxheightxdepth, (where depth is 16, 256, 32K, 64K, 16M or
           16M32) and defines the graphics mode, on X the format is
           WIDTHxHEIGHT and defines the window size.

      -display <x-display>
           Set Xwindow display.

           Treat files with unknown type as html rather than text.  (can be
           toggled with '\' key)

      -source <url>
           Write unformatted data stream to stdout.

      -dump <url>
           Write formatted document to stdout.

      -width <number>
           For dump, document will be formatted to this screen width (but it
           can still exceed it if lines can't be broken).

      -codepage <codepage>
           For dump, convert output to specified character set -- for
           eaxmple iso-8859-2, windows-1250.

           Restrict links so that it can run on an anonymous account.  No
           local file browsing. No downloads. Executing of viewers is
           allowed, but user can't add or modify entries in association

           Runs links as a separate instance - instead of connecting to
           existing instance.

      -download-dir <path>
           Default download directory.  (default: actual dir)

                                    - 2 -           Formatted:  May 23, 2018

 LINKS(1)                                                           LINKS(1)
                                  Aug, 2006

      -language <language>
           Set user interface language.

      -max-connections <max>
           Maximum number of concurrent connections.  (default: 10)

      -max-connections-to-host <max>
           Maximum number of concurrent connection to a given host.
           (default: 2)

      -retries <retry>
           Number of retries.  (default: 3)

      -receive-timeout <sec>
           Timeout on receive.  (default: 120)

      -unrestartable-receive-timeout <sec>
           Timeout on non restartable connections.  (default: 600)

      -timeout-when-trying-multiple-addresses <sec>
           Timeout for connection when trying multiple addresses.  (default:

      -bind-address <ip address>
           Use a specific local IP address.

      -bind-address-ipv6 <ipv6 address>
           Use a specific local IPv6 address.

           Don't use libevent library.

           Don't use OpenMP.

      -async-dns <0>/<1>
           Asynchronous DNS resolver on(1)/off(0).

                                    - 3 -           Formatted:  May 23, 2018

 LINKS(1)                                                           LINKS(1)
                                  Aug, 2006

      -download-utime <0>/<1>
           Set time of downloaded files to last modification time reported
           by server.

      -format-cache-size <num>
           Number of formatted document pages cached.  (default: 5)

      -memory-cache-size <bytes>
           Cache memory in bytes.  (default: 1048576)

      -image-cache-size <bytes>
           Cache memory in bytes.  (default: 1048576)

      -font-cache-size <bytes>
           Cache memory in bytes.  (default: 2097152)

      -aggressive-cache <0>/<1>
           Always cache everything regardless of server's caching
           recomendations.  Many servers deny caching even if their content
           is not changing just to get more hits and more money from ads.

      -address-preference <0>/<1>/<2>/<3>/<4>
           (default 0) 0 - use system default.  1 - prefer IPv4.  2 - prefer
           IPv6.  3 - use only IPv4.  4 - use only IPv6.

      -http-proxy <host:port>
           Host and port number of the HTTP proxy, or blank.  (default:

      -ftp-proxy <host:port>
           Host and port number of the FTP proxy, or blank.  (default:

      -https-proxy <host:port>
           Host and port number of the HTTPS proxy, or blank.  (default:

      -socks-proxy <user@host:port>
           Userid, host and port of Socks4a, or blank.  (default: blank)

                                    - 4 -           Formatted:  May 23, 2018

 LINKS(1)                                                           LINKS(1)
                                  Aug, 2006

      -append-text-to-dns-lookups <text>
           Append text to dns lookups. It is useful for specifying fixed tor
           exit node.  (default: blank)

      -no-proxy-domains <domain,domain...>
           No proxy for specified domains.  (default: blank)

      -only-proxies <0>/<1>
           "1" causes that Links won't initiate any non-proxy connection.
           It is useful for anonymization with tor or similar networks.

      -ssl.certificates <0>/<1>/<2>
           (default 1) 0 - ignore invalid certificate.  1 - warn on invalid
           certificate.  2 - reject invalid certificate.

      -ssl.builtin-certificates <0>/<1>
           (default 0; on DOS and OpenVMS default 1) Use built-in
           certificates instead of system certificates.

      -ssl.client-cert-key <filename>
           Name of the PEM encoded file with the user private key for client
           certificate authentication.

      -ssl.client-cert-crt <filename>
           Name of the PEM encoded file with the user certificate for client
           certificate authentication.

      -ssl.client-cert-password <text>
           Password for the user private key.

      -http-bugs.http10 <0>/<1>
           (default 0) "1" forces using only HTTP/1.0 protocol. (useful for
           buggy servers that claim to be HTTP/1.1 compliant but are not)
           "0" enables using both HTTP/1.0 and HTTP/1.1.

      -http-bugs.allow-blacklist <0>/<1>
           (default 1) "1" defaults to using list of servers that have
           broken HTTP/1.1 support.  When links finds such server, it will
           retry the request with HTTP/1.0.

                                    - 5 -           Formatted:  May 23, 2018

 LINKS(1)                                                           LINKS(1)
                                  Aug, 2006

      -http-bugs.bug-302-redirect <0>/<1>
           (default 1) Process 302 redirect in a way that is incompatible
           with RFC1945 and RFC2068, but the same as Netscape and MSIE. Many
           pages depend on it.

      -http-bugs.bug-post-no-keepalive <0>/<1>
           (default 0) No keepalive connection after post requests. For some
           buggy servers.

      -http-bugs.bug-no-accept-charset <0>/<1>
           (default 0) Do not send Accept-Charset field of HTTP header.
           Because it is too long some servers will deny the request. Other
           servers will convert content to plain ascii when Accept-Charset
           is missing. <0>/<1>
           (default 0) "1" causes that links won't advertise HTTP
           compression support (but it will still accept compressed data).
           Use it when you communicate with server that has broken
           compression support.

      -http-bugs.retry-internal-errors <0>/<1>
           (default 0) Retry on internal server errors (50x).

      -http.fake-firefox <0>/<1>
           (default 0) Fake that the browser is Firefox in the HTTP header. <0>/<1>
           (default 0) Send "do not track" request in the HTTP header.

      -http.referer <0>/<1>/<2>/<3>/<4>
           (default 0) 0 - do not send referer.  1 - send the requested URL
           as referer.  2 - send fake referer.  3 - send real referer.  4 -
           send real referer only to the same server.

      -http.fake-referer <string>
           Fake referer value.

      -http.fake-user-agent <string>
           Fake user agent value.

                                    - 6 -           Formatted:  May 23, 2018

 LINKS(1)                                                           LINKS(1)
                                  Aug, 2006

      -http.extra-header <string>
           Extra string added to HTTP header.

      -ftp.anonymous-password <string>
           Password for anonymous ftp access.

      -ftp.use-passive <0>/<1>
           Use ftp PASV command to bypass firewalls.

      -ftp.use-erpt-epsv <0>/<1>
           Use EPRT and EPSV commands instead of PORT and PASV. <0>/<1>
           Send more ftp commands simultaneously. Faster response when
           browsing ftp directories, but it is incompatible with RFC and
           some servers don't like it.

      -ftp.set-iptos <0>/<1>
           Set IP Type-of-service to high throughput on ftp connections.

      -smb.allow-hyperlinks-to-smb <0>/<1>
           Allow hyperlinks to SMB protocol.  Disabling this improves
           security, because internet sites cannot exploit possible bugs in
           the SMB client.

      -menu-font-size <size>
           Size of font in menu.

      -menu-background-color 0xRRGGBB
           Set menu background color in graphics mode. RRGGBB are hex.

      -menu-foreground-color 0xRRGGBB
           Set menu foreground color in graphics mode. RRGGBB are hex.

      -scroll-bar-area-color 0xRRGGBB
           Set color of scroll bar area. RRGGBB are hex.

      -scroll-bar-bar-color 0xRRGGBB
           Set color of scroll bar. RRGGBB are hex.

                                    - 7 -           Formatted:  May 23, 2018

 LINKS(1)                                                           LINKS(1)
                                  Aug, 2006

      -scroll-bar-frame-color 0xRRGGBB
           Set color of scroll bar frame. RRGGBB are hex.

      -bookmarks-file <file>
           File to store bookmarks.

      -bookmarks-codepage <codepage>
           Character set of bookmarks file.

      -save-url-history <0>/<1>
           Save URL history on exit.

      -display-red-gamma <fp-value>
           Red gamma of display. (default 2.2)

      -display-green-gamma <fp-value>
           Green gamma of display. (default 2.2)

      -display-blue-gamma <fp-value>
           Blue gamma of display. (default 2.2)

      -user-gamma <fp-value>
           Additional gamma. (defult 1)

      -bfu-aspect <fp-value>
           Display aspect ration.

      -dither-letters <0>/<1>
           Do letter dithering.

      -dither-images <0>/<1>
           Do image dithering.

      -display-optimize <0>/<1>/<2>
           Optimize for CRT (0), LCD RGB (1), LCD BGR (2).

      -gamma-correction <0>/<1>/<2>
           Type of gamma correction: (default 2) 0 - 8-bit (fast).  1 - 16-
           bit (slow).  2 - automatically detect according to speed of FPU.

                                    - 8 -           Formatted:  May 23, 2018

 LINKS(1)                                                           LINKS(1)
                                  Aug, 2006

      -overwrite-instead-of-scroll <0>/<1>
           Overwrite the screen instead of scrolling it (valid for svgalib
           and framebuffer).  Overwriting may or may not be faster,
           depending on hardware.

      -html-assume-codepage <codepage>
           Use the given codepage when the webpage did not specify its
           codepage. (default: ISO 8859-1)

      -html-hard-assume <0>/<1>
           Use always character set from "-html-assume-codepage" no matter
           what server sent.

      -html-tables <0>/<1>
           Render tables. (0) causes tables being rendered like in lynx.

      -html-frames <0>/<1>
           Render frames. (0) causes frames  rendered like in lynx.

      -html-break-long-lines <0>/<1>
           Break long lines in <pre> sections.

      -html-images <0>/<1>
           Display links to unnamed images as [IMG]

      -html-image-names <0>/<1>
           Display filename of an image instead of [IMG].

      -html-display-images <0>/<1>
           Display images in graphics mode.

      -html-image-scale <percent>
           Scale images in graphics mode.

      -html-bare-image-autoscale <0>/<1>
           Autoscale images displayed in full screen.

      -html-numbered-links <0>/<1>
           Number links in text mode. Allow quick link selection by typing
           link number and enter.

                                    - 9 -           Formatted:  May 23, 2018

 LINKS(1)                                                           LINKS(1)
                                  Aug, 2006

      -html-table-order <0>/<1>
           In text mode, walk through table by rows (0) or columns (1).

      -html-auto-refresh <0>/<1>
           Process refresh to other page (1), or display link to that page

      -html-target-in-new-window <0>/<1>
           Allow opening new windows from html.

      -html-margin <number of spaces>
           Margin in text mode.

      -html-user-font-size <size>
           Size of font on pages in graphics mode.

      -html-t-text-color <0>-<15>
           Text color in text mode.

      -html-t-link-color <0>-<15>
           Link color in text mode.

      -html-t-background-color <0>-<7>
           Background color in text mode.

      -html-t-ignore-document-color <0>/<1>
           Ignore colors specified in html document in text mode.

      -html-g-text-color 0xRRGGBB
           Text color in graphics mode.

      -html-g-link-color 0xRRGGBB
           Link color in graphics mode.

      -html-g-background-color 0xRRGGBB
           Background color in graphics mode.

      -html-g-ignore-document-color <0>/<1>
           Ignore colors specified in html document in graphics mode.

                                   - 10 -           Formatted:  May 23, 2018

 LINKS(1)                                                           LINKS(1)
                                  Aug, 2006

      More options can be seen with links -h

      The keys you may use while navigating are

      ESC  menu/escape

      F9   menu

      F10  file menu

      TAB  next frame

      PGDN page down

           page down

      PGUP page up

      b    page up

           next link/down

           prev link/up

      INS  scroll up

      ^P   scroll up

      DEL  scroll down

      ^N   scroll down

      [    scroll left

      ]    scroll right

      HOME home

      END  end of page

           enter link/press button

           enter link/press button

                                   - 11 -           Formatted:  May 23, 2018

 LINKS(1)                                                           LINKS(1)
                                  Aug, 2006

           go back

      d    download link

      /    search in the page

      ?    search back in the page

      n    find next match

      N    find next match backwards

      f    zoom actual frame

      ^R   reload page

      g    go to URL

      G    edit the current URL and goto the result

      ^G   edit the current link and goto the result

      s    bookmark manager

      q    quit, close window if more windows are open

      Q    quit without asking

      =    document information

      \    toggle HTML source/rendered view

      The following keys can be used while editing a line/jumping to a URL:

           move right

           move left

      HOME jump at the beginning

      ^A   jump at the beginning

      END  jump at the end

      ^E   jump at the end

                                   - 12 -           Formatted:  May 23, 2018

 LINKS(1)                                                           LINKS(1)
                                  Aug, 2006

      ^X   cut to clipboard

      ^B   copy to clipboard

      ^V   paste from clipboard

           enter line

           delete back character

      ^H   delete back character

      DEL  delete character

      ^D   delete character

      ^U   delete from beginning of the line

      ^K   delete to the end of the line or delete line (in textarea)

      ^W   auto complete line

           Per-user configfile, automatically created by links.

      links is known to work on Linux, FreeBSD, Solaris, IRIX, HPUX, Digital
      Unix, AIX, OS/2, BeOS and Win32.

      You can't upload large files; it takes _lots_ of memory.

      Please report any other bugs you find to Mikulas Patocka

      links is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under
      the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free
      Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or (at your
      option) any later version.

                                   - 13 -           Formatted:  May 23, 2018

 LINKS(1)                                                           LINKS(1)
                                  Aug, 2006

      links was written by Mikulas Patocka, Karel 'Clock' Kulhavy, Petr See
      file AUTHORS for a list of people contributing to this project.

      The homepage of links can be found at

      This manual page was written by Peter Gervai <>, using
      excerpts from a (yet?) unknown links fan for the Debian GNU/Linux
      system (but may be used by others). Updated by Karel Kulhavy.

      lynx(1), w3m(1)

                                   - 14 -           Formatted:  May 23, 2018